Stone Sentinels, battlefield monuments of the American Civil War

The Second Battle of Winchester

The Second Battle of Winchester from June 13-15, 1863 was part of Robert E. Lee's Gettysburg Campaign. Lee took his army into the Shenandoah Valley in a wide sweep around Union positions on the Rappahannock River and on the way north to Pennsylvania. Union Major General Robert Milroy's garrison at Winchester was directly in his path.


Milroy intended to defend the town, unaware that the force heading toward him, twice his strength, was Lieutenant General Richard Ewell's Second Corps, the late "Stonewall" Jackson's battle-hardened veterans.


Ewell sent one of his three divisions under Jubal Early on a movement which flanked Milroy's strong points at West Fort and Star Fort. Milroy then decided on a nightime withdrawal. But Ewell had also sent part of another division around Winchester to the east, and they were laying in wait for Milroy's retreating men in a night attack north of town at Stephenson's Depot.


Milroy's army was almost completely destroyed and most of his stores and ammunition captured. Ewell - and Lee - would have a clear path through the Shenandoah all the way to Pennsylvania.


Cick an area of interest on the map or from the list below:


Milroy's Headquarters

Second Battle of Winchester (at Pritchard's Hill)


Following the action (in chronological order):


Map of historical markers and places of interest for the Second Battle of Winchester, Virginia in June of 1863

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