Stone Sentinels, battlefield monuments of the American Civil War

Kernstown

Kernstown Battles

The marker on the Kernstown Battles is with three other Civil War markers at the end of Opequon Church Lane, south of Winchester, Virginia.

 

Location and Directions

The marker is at the turnaround at the end of Opequon Church Lane next to the Opequon Presbyterian Church, which can be reached from the Valley Pike (U.S. 11) south of Winchester. (39.140050° N, 78.194617° W ; see map)

 

Text from the marker:

 

Kernstown Battles

Around this site and a mile to the west
occurred two major battles of the Civil War.

 

First Kernstown

March 23, 1862 Stonewall Jackson attacked what appeared to be a withdrawing federal force led by federal Br. Gen. Shields. Desperate fighting along a stone wall west of here ended with the arrival of federal reinforcements and Jackson was forced to withdraw. This action opened Jackson’s famous Valley Campaign and succeeded in preventing the withdrawal of Federals from the Valley to reinforce an attack underway at Richmond.

 

Second Kernstown

July 23, 1864 – Federal General George Crooke’s corps was camped to the north of here after pursuing confederate Gen. Jubal Early’s force from its raid on Washington, D.C. Early attacked Crooke’s forward positions around Prichard’s Hill and Hogue Run. The federals withdrew in disorder after heavy fighting and Early followed up with raids on Martinsburg, W.Va. and Chambersburg, Pa. This battle opened the final phases of the 1864 Valley Campaign.

 
Erected by
Winchester-Frederick Co.
Historical Society

Sept. 1991

 

Kernstown Battles historical marker, south of Winchester, Virginia
(above) Kernstown Battles marker south of Winchester, Virginia (enlarge)




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