Stone Sentinels, battlefield monuments of the American Civil War

Rose Hill (First Battle of Kernstown)


The first Battle of Kernstown on March 23, 1862 was the opening of Confederate General Thomas J. Jackson's legendary Valley Campaign. It was also the first - and only - battle he ever lost. But even though it was a tactical defeat it had the strategic effect he intended, as Washington diverted over 25,000 men from the attack on Richmond to hunt down the elusive 'Stonewall' in the Shenandoah.


Much of the fighting of First Kernstown occured at Rose Hill. The land is administered by the Museum of the Shenandoah Valley and a self-guided walking tour is open for a fee at limited times. Check with the Museum's website for availability.

How to get there

Take Virginia Route 37 (the Winchester bypass) to Cedar Creek Grade (County Route 622). Take Cedar Creek Grade 0.4 mile west. Turn south on Jones Road. After 0.5 mile the road curves east, then south again. The entry to the Rose Hill property is off the second curve to the east.


Location: 39° 9.095′ N, 78° 13.249′ W; see map.

Rose Hill (First Battle of Kernstown)
Rose Hill (First Battle of Kernstown)
Rose Hill (First Battle of Kernstown)

There are seven stops on the Rose Hill self-guided tour. Each is explained by a wayside marker. There is also a Virginia Trails wayside marker at the entrance to the farm.

Rose Hill (VirginiaTrails marker)

1) War in the backyard

2) How to see the battlefield

3) Fight for the High Ground

4) Advance of Tyler's Brigade

5) Defence of the Stone Wall

6) The Order for Retreat

7) Northern Victory, Southern Defeate

About the Author • ©2007-2014 Steve Hawks