Stone Sentinels, battlefield monuments of the American Civil War


Winchester - Rose Hill (First Battle of Kernstown)

How to see the Battlefield

The marker is at the start of the self-guided trail that starts behind the Rose farmyard.

 

How to get there

Take Virginia Route 37 (the Winchester bypass) to Cedar Creek Grade (County Route 622). Take Cedar Creek Grade 0.4 mile west. Turn south on Jones Road. After 0.5 mile the road curves east, then south again. The entry to the Rose Hill property is off the second curve. (39° 9.104′ N, 78° 13.18′ W; see map)

 

Rose Hill is administered by the Museum of the Shenandoah Valley. The walking tour of the Rose Farm is open for a fee at limited times. Check with the Museum's website for availability.

 

 

 

Text from the marker

 

How to see the battlefield

 

On March 23, 1862, the opening conflict of the famous Valley Campaign began on the adjoining Glass and Pritchard farms. You are visiting the Glass Farm called Rose Hill. The neighboring Pritchard Farm is 1½ miles to the southeast (right) of where you are standing. The conflict began early in the morning on the Pritchard Farm and concluded on the Glass Farm with the loss of sunlight at the end of the day.

 

Acting on faulty intelligence that his small army outnumbered the Northern forces at Winchester, Southern commander Major General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson moved to strike his opponents and prevent Northern reinforcements from leaving the Valley to aid McClellan's army on the Peninsula. In fact, the Northern forces outnumbered his two-to-one.

 

To learn more about the 1st Battle of Kernstown, follow the walking trail to your left. Interpretive signs such as this one will help explain the battle. The trail is 0.7 miles there and back again. You will view Sandy Ridge (#3), the point of Tyler's advance (#4), the ruins of the Stone Wall (#5 and #6), and the field of retreat (#7) before returning to this spot.

 

Please be prepared for trail hazards, including uneven walking surfaces, hills, rock outcroppings and wildlife.

Althoug the 1st Battle of Kernstown was a Northern victory, the South gained much. As a result, President Lincoln, fearing for the safety of Washington, D.C., diverted 35,000 troops from the campaign against Richmond to defend approaches to the Northern capital from the Valley. This redeployment set the stage for "Stonewall" Jackson's enormously successful Shenandoah Valley Campaign.

 

Trail and interpretive signs are funded in part by Save America's Treasures administered by the National Parks Service.


How to see the battlefield wayside marker at the start of the self-guided trail that starts behind the Rose farmyard.
(above and below) How to see the battlefield wayside marker at the start of the self-guided trail that starts behind the Rose farmyard.

How to see the battlefield wayside marker at the start of the self-guided trail that starts behind the Rose farmyard.

 






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