Stone Sentinels, battlefield monuments of the American Civil War

Winchester - Rose Hill (First Battle of Kernstown)

War in the Backyard

The marker is in the backyard of the Rose Farm, site of the First Battle of Kernstown in 1862.


How to get there

Take Virginia Route 37 (the Winchester bypass) to Cedar Creek Grade (County Route 622). Take Cedar Creek Grade 0.4 mile west. Turn south on Jones Road. After 0.5 mile the road curves east, then south again. The entry to the Rose Hill property is off the second curve. (39° 9.102′ N, 78° 13.189′ W; see map)


Rose Hill is administered by the Museum of the Shenandoah Valley. The walking tour of the Rose Farm is open for a fee at limited times. Check with the Museum's website for availability.


Text from the marker:


War in the Backyard


At the beginning of the Civil War, the third generation of the Scots-Irish Glass family lived at Rose Hill. The household consisted of Thomas Glass (age 67), and his wife Margaret (age 51), his son William (age 25) and fifteen slaves, most of them children. The following year Thomas passed away. His son, William, recently married, took over the management of the farm. A Southern supporter, William was commissioned Lt. Col. of the 51st Regiment Virginia Militia serving under Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson during the Bath-Rommey (later West Virginia) campaign in January, 1862. While he was away, his young wife died, and shortly afterwards he was discharged from military service. William would remain at Rose Hill throughout the Civil War.


Young and recently bereaved of both his father and his wife, William Wood Glass was living at the house when the 1st Battle of Kernstown, March 23, 1862, occurred in his backyard. Not surprisingly, his house was used as a shelter for wounded soldiers.


After the Civil War, William and his second wife raised seven children in the Rose Hill farm house. In 1885, they moved to Glen Burnie in Winchester, but William continued to run the farm with the help of tenants. Picnics and outings at their beloved childhood home, Rose Hill, were a favorite Glass family activity, described poignantly in Susan Glass Strider's 1939 poem.


The way is fair - a ride I pray,
October's glories deck the day

The answer I, O let us go
To the home I used to know!

I would see once more the tree
Where I played in childish glee.

Had for dolls a little school
Where I taught them many a rule.

Faithful still the grand old trees --
Honey locusts in the breeze.

But the brook, how low, how slow!
Once so rollicking its flow.

Where we sailed our tiny boat
Half shell of a cocoanut.

In it sat Miss Golden Hair
Fairest one of all the fair.

Lonely now the fine old home --
Children seven called to roam.

Some so many miles away;
Youngest now is growing grey.

-Rose Hill
by Susan Glass Strider, 1939

War in the Backyard wayside marker from Rose Hill, southeast of Winchester, Virginia.
(above) War in the Backyard wayside marker from Rose Hill, southeast of Winchester, Virginia. (enlarge)

(below) The marker, with the Rose farmhouse in the background. (enlarge)

The marker, with the Rose farmhouse in the background.


About the Author • ©2007-2014 Steve Hawks