Stone Sentinels, battlefield monuments of the American Civil War

Timeline of The Civil War in the Shenandoah Valley - 1864



April 30

Union General Franz Siegel marches south from Winchester, kicking off what would be known as the Lynchburg Campaign.


Early May

Confederate Major General John Breckinridge assumes "general direction of affairs" in the Shenandoah.

May 11

Confederate General John Imboden captures 464 of Sigel's cavalrmen near Front Royal

May 12

Breckinridge arrives at Staunton

May 14

Sigel reaches Mount Jackson

May 15

Battle of New Market

Breckenridge's outnumbered Confederates (including a contingent of cadets from the Virginia Military Institute) beat Sigel, who retreats to Mount Jackson.

May 17

Sigel continues his retreat to north of Cedar Creek

May 18

Breckenridge takes his infantry division to join Lee near Richmond, leaving 'Grumble' Jones and his cavalry to cover the Valley.

May 21

Sigel is relieved of command. Major General David Hunter takes over Union forces in the Shenandoah.

May 26

Hunter's forces begin advancing up the Valley Pike.


June 5

Battle of Piedmont

Hunter's 8,500 man army beats Jones' 5,500 about 10 miles northeast of Staunton. Jones is killed, and over 1,000 Confederates are taken prisoner.

June 6

Hunter occupies Staunton

June 8

Union Brigadier General Crook from West Virginia joins with Hunter

June 10

Hunter resumes his march up the Valley

June 11

The Burning of Lexington. VMI, Governor Letcher's House, and many other buildings are burned.

June 13

Confederate Lieutenant General Jubal Early with three divisions and two batteries of his Second Corps is detached from the Army of Northern Virginia. They march for Lynchburg.

June 17-18

Battle of Lynchburg

Hunter's 16,600 men threatened the city of Lynchburg, defended at first by Breckenridge but reinforced by Early's Corps to a strength of over 14,000. Hunter withdrew after probing attacks convinced him he would nit take the city.

June 19-21

Hunter retreats toward West Virginia. Early pusues for three days as far as Salem before calling off the chase.

June 22

Early resumes his march north.

July 1

Early's men reach Winchester and continue north.


July 4

Federals evacuate Harpers Ferry for Maryland Heights


Early's Raid on Washington

July 5

Early crosses the Potomac at Boteler's Ford

July 9

The Battle of Monocacy

July 11-12

Battle of Fort Stevens

July 16

Heaton's Crossroads

July 17-18

Cool Spring (Snicker's Ferry)

July 20

Battle of Rutherford's Farm

July 24

Second Battle of Kernstown

July 30

Burning of Chambersburg

August 1

Battle of Folck's Mill

August 7

Battle of Moorfield (Oldfields)


Valley Campaign of 1864

August 16

Guard Hill

August 21

Summit Point

August 25-29

Smithfield Crossing

September 3 - 4

Battle of Berryville

September 19

Third Battle of Winchester (Opequon)

September 22

Fisher's Hill

September 26 - October 8

The Burning

October 9

Tom's Brook

October 13

Battle of Hupps Hill

October 19

Battle of Cedar Creek




Confederate Second Corps returns to Richmond

March 2, 1865

Battle of Waynesboro

About the Author • ©2007-2014 Steve Hawks